Education for Students

Learn more about the local environment and ecosystems of Fort Pulaski National Monument and coastal Georgia.

NATURE & SCIENCE

Fort Pulaski National Monument is located in Chatham County, Georgia along the Savannah River only a few miles from its junction with the Atlantic Ocean. The park consists of tidal marshes and mud flats that are subject to daily inundation of a six to ten foot tide.

01.

WILD LIFE

The salt marshes and upland areas of Fort Pulaski National Monument support many species of wildlife. If lucky you may catch a glimpse of one of the 11 Protected Species that have been identified at the park.

02.

PLANT LIFE

Since the abandonment of the fort in the late eighteen hundreds, a considerable portion of Cockspur Island has reverted to coastal hammock forest, shrub communities, and maintained tidal marsh.

03.

ENVIRONMENT

The history of Cockspur Island could be defined in terms of the number of non-native plant species found here. Sixty-eight species of plants have been recorded at the Monument that would be considered non-native. 

04.

ECOSYSTEM

Located only a few miles from the Atlantic Ocean, the waters within the park’s boundaries are teeming with shrimp, oysters, clams, mussels and the usual variety of fish found in southern coastal estuaries.

Photos & multimedia

Fort Pulaski National Monument is located in Chatham County, Georgia along the Savannah River only a few miles from its junction with the Atlantic Ocean. The park consists of tidal marshes and mud flats that are subject to daily inundation of a six to ten foot tide.

Curriculum Materials

Word Search

(Grades 4-6)

Crossword Puzzle

(Grades 7-8)

Graphic Organizer

(Grades 4-8)

Student Worksheet

(Grades 7-12)

1860: The Election that Led to War

Essential Question/Objective
Students will use information to draw conclusions from maps, charts, and graphs. Students will analyze the information to determine the 1860 election results and the impact of the election results on the Civil War.

Cannons and Casemates: Self-guided Fort Tour

Overview
This is a teacher-guided activity to be done on-site at the fort. Students will learn about the fort's construction and history. Plentiful photographs and a fort map will assist teachers in leading this tour through the fort.

Fort Scavenger Hunt for Grades 5-6

Overview
In this teacher-led activity, the scavenger hunt functions as an interactive, self-guided fort tour for students. The student worksheet requires them to answer several questions as they visit various locations inside the fort.

WHAT'S CRAWLING AT FORT PULASKI?

01.

BIRDS

We support many species of birds...

While visiting, you may catch a glimpse of one of the many protected species that have been identified at the park, including: American oystercatcher, bald eagle, gull-billed tern, least tern, and woodstork.

Large populations of both resident and migratory birds are present. The park provides nesting habitat for the painted bunting, a species of special concern due to loss of neotropical wintering grounds. A glimpse of this colorful and secretive bird is a treat you will not soon forget.

OTHER BIRDS SPECIES FOUND AT FORT PULASKI INCLUDE:

Pelican, Comorants, Heron, Egret, Ibis, Geese, Vultures, Hawks, Eagles Falcons, Buntings, Sparrows, Blackbirds, Orioles, Finches, Starlings, Vieros, Wood Warblers, Rails, Gulls, and Shorebirds!

 

02.

INSECTS

You might find...

GOLDEN SILK SPIDER
The golden silk spider is a large orange and brown spider with the feathery tufts on its legs is well know to most native southerners. As typical with most spiders, there is little danger from an encounter with the golden silk spider.Typically, the webs are made in open woods or edges of dense forest, usually attached to trees and low shrubs.

SAND GNATS
Sand gnats or noseeums are insects typically found near the ocean and around rivers, lakes, and swamps. Also known as biting midges, these tiny bugs can be as small as .04 inches long. It is the female that inflicts the nasty bite because she needs blood to complete her egg laying process.

MOSQUITO
The mosquito is a member of the Culicidae family and can be found in the marsh enviorment around Fort Pulaski. These insects have a pair of scaled wings and a slender body with long legs. The females of most mosquito species suck blood from other animals.

03.

MAMMALS

If you look closely...

WHITE TAILED DEER
Fort Pulaski National Monument supports a thriving population of white-tailed deer which can be seen grazing in the early morning and late afternoon throughout Cockspur Island.


BOTTLENOSE DOLPHIN
Keep a close watch on the Savannah River! The Bottlenose Dolphins swim in the channels around Cockspur Island, as well as off the beaches of Tybee Island.


OTTER
The River Otter has a streamlined, muscular body with short legs, webbed toes and a long muscular tail. Otters can sometimes be seen along the Savannah River off Cockspur Island.

BOBCAT
The bobcat weighs from 15-30 pounds with a body length of 2-4 feet. Its name is derived from its 6" tail which tipped white, or bobbed white. Bobcats sometimes make their ways to Cockspur Island, yet remain illusive to human contact.

04.

REPTILES

Although reptilian life abounds at Fort Pulaski...

There is little chance that visitors will come in contact with them during a short visit to the park.

SNAKES
The most common snakes at Fort Pulaski are the yellow rat snake, black rat snake, corn snake and Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake, of which only the Eastern Diamondback is poisonous. Rat snakes may surface at times inside Fort Pulaski itself.

TURTLES
The Diamondback Terrapin, a small turtle, might be seen around Cockspur Island.

ALLIGATORS
Occasionally alligators may be seen basking in and around the fort moat.

FISH
The tidal waters surrounding Fort Pulaski contain the usual variety of fish typical of southern coastal estuaries.

THE BATTLE FOR FORT PULASKI

Part of a War of 1812 project to construct forts for defense along the East Coast, Fort Pulaski was built on Cockspur Island to protect the Savannah River in Georgia. Using photos, illustrations, and reenactments, this DVD documentary explores the construction of the fort and what happened there during the Civil War.

 

NATIONAL PARK PASSPORT

Organized by geographic region, this handy travelogue is highly functional, offering color coded regional maps, need-to-know information about parks, an NPS interpretive map, and plenty of space for cancellations and annual stamp series. Nearly every one of the National Park Service units offers cancellations, making the Passport an ideal and portable way to preserve your fondest memories.

01.

UNPLUG AT THE BOOKSTORE

Under the guidance of Eastern National, a non-profit organization, the Fort Pulaski Bookstore offers a variety of excellent resources on historic Fort Pulaski, the American Civil War, Savannah and coastal Georgia, as well as the National Park Service.

To the left are some of Fort Pulaski's more popular resources available in the bookstore. For more information on materials available contact the store's site manager at this number:

(912) 786 8182

or visit